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Manufacturing method of integrated device for deep soil sample collection and storage

发布日期:2020-01-07 13:11 Document serial number: 19641795 Release date: 2020-01-07 13:11
Manufacturing method of integrated device for deep soil sample collection and storage

The invention relates to the technical field of soil collection, in particular to an integrated device for deep soil sample collection and storage.



Background technique:

With the development of the society, people pay more and more attention to the protection of the environment. Usually, land assessment and survey are conducted through the collection of soil. Only accurate samples can be collected to provide an accurate and good sample basis for various later detections in order to improve Check the accuracy of the assessment.

In the prior art, the collection of soil samples is often performed step by step, and the collection and storage are often performed separately. Even if some devices meet the integration of collection and storage, there are still some that cannot meet our needs. In actual use, when we collect deep soil, due to the depth of the collection, it is often affected by the contamination of the surface soil during the drilling process, which affects the collection of samples. At the same time, multiple points of different depths are often required in our collection operations. For deep soil collection, traditional collection and storage devices cannot meet this demand. Therefore, a new type of device for deep soil sample collection and storage is needed to solve these problems in order to optimize our collection and use needs. .



Technical realization elements:

In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention provides an integrated device for deep soil sample collection and storage.

The technical solution of the present invention is: an integrated device for deep soil sample collection and storage, which mainly includes a collection component for soil collection, a storage component for collecting soil preservation, and a base for fixed support of the component;

The collecting component mainly includes an internal and external soil-discharging section and a soil-excavating section; the soil-discharging section includes a soil-discharging chassis and a soil-discharging tube; the inside of the soil-discharging chassis is hollow; Each scraper has a soil inlet on one side of the scraper to communicate with the interior of the scraper; the draining tube is arranged at the center of the upper top surface of the draining chassis and communicates with the draining tube; The bottom of the earthmoving auger is rotatably connected to the earthmoving chassis; the earthmining part includes a earthmoving sleeve, the lower end of the earthmoving sleeve is fixedly connected to the earthmoving chassis, and a earthmining auger is built in the earthmining sleeve, The earth-mining auger comprises a drum and auger blades surrounding the drum wall, the drum is sleeved on and connected to the earth-moving drum, and a plurality of earth-moving sleeves are circumferentially provided with a plurality of holes on the circumferential wall. A soil extraction port, each of the soil extraction ports is provided with a soil extraction mobile bin, the soil extraction bin includes a bin body and a y-shaped knife body, and the bin body is connected to the side of the mine port through a rotating shaft, The y-shaped knife body includes an inner knife for scraping the soil, and is used to control the forward and reverse rotation of the collection component to control the The sloping plate of the bin body switch, the inner knife and the sloping plate are arranged at an angle and connected to the front end of the outer wall of the bin; the upper end of the drain tube penetrates the base and extends to the top surface of the base, and the upper end of the drain tube and the first A driving motor is connected and connected to the auger. The upper end of the auger is connected to a second drive motor. The upper end of the earth excavating sleeve penetrates the bottom surface of the base and extends into the base. The upper end of the dragon is connected to the third drive motor; through the design of the internal and external parts of the acquisition module, the soil extraction unit set in the middle and the surrounding mining unit are used to effectively drain the soil and reach the specified depth, and effectively prevent the The impact of shallow soil on the depth of the soil when drilling, and the structure design of the mining silo enables the main body of the collection module to be driven by the first drive motor to perform forward and reverse rotations to achieve different operations of soil mining and drilling, improving the collection effect;

The storage component mainly includes a rotating partition bucket and a storage adjustment cover; the rotating partition bucket is detachably connected to a base provided on the bottom surface of the base, and the base has a built-in adjustment component connected to an adjustment button provided on the outer wall of the base. The rotary partition bucket is connected with the upper end of the earth mining sleeve through a communication pipe. Each sub-chamber of the rotary partition bucket corresponds to the position of the communication pipe, and a feeding port is provided. The warehouse control door is provided on the upper top surface of the rotating partition bucket. Through the built-in rotating separation bucket of the storage component, multiple points of soil can be stored at different depths, making the device's collection and storage functions more suitable for practical use;

Further, the excavation chassis is provided with a plurality of tilted auxiliary row augers in the inner circumferential direction, and the bottom of the excavation auger is connected with a transmission assembly built in the excavation chassis, and the transmission assembly includes a driving gear and a driven gear, The driven gear is provided with a plurality of groups, which are respectively arranged below the auxiliary row of augers. The driven gear is provided with a first sprocket and is connected to a second sprocket at the output shaft end through a hinge. The driving gear It meshes with each driven gear and its upper end is fixedly connected to the bottom of the auger. By setting the auxiliary row auger, the movement efficiency of the soil from the soil inlet to the row auger can be improved, the efficiency of the row can be improved, and the drilling efficiency can be enhanced.

Further, the controllable warehouse door includes a magnetic contact bridge plate and a movable warehouse door; a front end of the magnetic contact bridge plate is provided with a first magnetic sheet, and the communication tube is provided with a second position corresponding to the position of the first magnetic sheet. The magnetic sheet, the magnetic contact bridge plate is connected to the lower end of the feeding port through a card slot, and the lower bottom surface of the magnetic contact bridge plate is provided with a tooth surface for meshing with a transmission rack. The movable warehouse door is connected to the upper end of the feeding port through a rotating shaft, and is movable. A bin gear at a position corresponding to the position of the distal tooth surface of the transmission rack bar is provided on each side of the bin shaft, and the bin gear is connected with the transmission rack bar through a tooth plate, and the tooth plate is connected to the rotating separation bucket.璧 Slide connection. Through the structural design of the controllable warehouse door, the transmission effect of the gear tooth plate and the magnetic attraction are used to enable the controllable warehouse door to meet the automatic connection opening and disengagement with the communication pipe during rotation, so that the rotating separation bucket is not used for the warehouse door. Keep it closed and the warehouse door connected to the communication pipe is opened, which effectively guarantees reasonable temperature and humidity control of the stored soil.

Further, a movable groove is provided on the lower bottom surface of the movable warehouse door, and a sliding auxiliary door is provided in the movable groove. Each of the bottom of the auxiliary door and both sides of the movable warehouse door is provided for improving the seal of the movable warehouse door. Sexual seal. The auxiliary door that can move up and down can be set on the bottom surface of the movable bin door, which can further improve the contact tightness of the movable bin door with the magnetic contact bridge plate. At the same time, the sealing effect can be improved to improve the sealing effect of the movable bin door and the rotating separation bucket. .

Further, the adjusting assembly includes a rotating rod, a main bevel gear, and a sub-bevel gear. The main bevel gear is connected to the rotation surface of the base. The sub-bevel gear is disposed on one side of the main bevel gear and meshes therewith. The sub-bevel gear Connected to the adjustment knob by turning the lever. The longitudinal secondary bevel gear rotation is converted into the horizontal rotation of the main bevel gear through the meshing transmission of the bevel gear, and then the rotation of the division bucket is controlled by the rotation of the adjustment knob to switch the various compartments.

Further, a spring rod is provided on the rear side wall of the bin body to assist the bin body to be rotated out and protected. The spring rod includes an adapter block, a movable rod and a movable seat, and one end of the movable rod is connected to the movable seat through a spring. The other end is connected with the rear side wall of the bin body through an adapter block. The provision of a spring rod can help enhance the effect of the bin body protruding outwards and effectively protect the rotating shaft at the opening and closing position of the bin body through the limitation of the stroke of the spring rod.

Further, the base is provided with a supporting leg for fixing, the supporting leg includes a supporting rod, a prong, and a carrier, and the carrier is provided with a rotatable hemispherical carrier, and the lower part of the carrier A carrier hole is provided for collecting components to pass through the activity. The carrier block is connected to the carrier in a rolling manner. A sliding block and a supporting rod are provided on the periphery of the carrier to slide the connection. A rolling stop plate, the stop plate is connected with the stop button on the outer wall of the stage by a screw, and the lower end of the support rod is connected with the pin. The multi-angle universal adjustment through the carrier and the hemispherical load block can enable the base to be used at different angles in different terrains, and enhance the adaptability of the device to the acquisition of different terrains.

Further, the storage adjustment cover is provided with a temperature and humidity sensor for monitoring the temperature and humidity in the rotating partition bucket, a heating plate for adjusting the temperature in the rotating partition bucket, an exhaust fan for exhaust humidity adjustment, and a storage adjustment cover. An identification light is provided on the upper surface corresponding to each compartment position to distinguish each compartment. By setting a storage adjustment cover, the temperature and humidity of the storage environment can be dynamically adjusted by using the functions of a temperature and humidity sensor, a heating plate, an exhaust fan, and a controller, and different compartments for storing soil can be identified by setting identification lights.

The working method of the present invention is:

The device is placed at the location where the soil is scheduled to be collected through the support stand, and the load block is rotated according to the terrain to adjust the collection component to be perpendicular to the surface of the collected soil. The external drive is used to turn on the first drive motor and turn on the second drive motor. , And press the base with the carrier downward to make the acquisition component drill into the soil. After drilling down to the specified depth, make the first drive motor rotate forward and stop the lower ballast. Together with the dragon, the drilled soil is discharged to the outside along the discharge tube. After the collection component is reversed, the soil mining operation is performed after opening and closing of each mining hopper, and at the same time when the first drive motor is rotating forward Turn on the third drive motor, and send the collected soil along the soil mining sleeve to the connecting pipe through the action of the mining auger. The connecting pipe will fall to the storage assembly for soil storage; when the device needs to be removed, the separation bucket will be rotated Turn the adjustment knob to the neutral zone with the communication tube, and drive the first drive motor again to pull out in reverse, and then clean the collection component part with cleaning liquid, etc. Line Other soil depth of collection operations;

Acquisition component:

Drainage Department: Subject to the reverse action of the first drive motor, the draining chassis rotates and drills down, and the soil is drilled through the scraper provided on the bottom surface and the soil is introduced into the soil inlet. The dragon rotates the upper row of soil. During the rotation, the driving assembly drives the driving gear to rotate, and then each driven gear rotates, and is transmitted through the hinge of the first sprocket and the second sprocket. The soil at the mouth of the soil is transported to the auger;

Soil mining department: Due to the position of the soil mining mobile bin, it is pressed by the soil wall during reverse rotation, and the bin body fits the soil mining sleeve. When receiving the forward rotation of the first drive motor, the mining sleeve is turned forward. For the soil, the sloping plate of the y-shaped knife body scrapes and gathers the soil through the forward rotation of the mining sleeve, and then the silo is rotated outward along the rotation axis by the drive of the inclined plate, and the soil is scraped into the collection sleeve by the inner knife. In the cylinder, during the period, the spring force is provided to assist the external force of the chamber;

Storage components:

The collected soil is dropped into the corresponding opened rotating partition bucket through the connecting pipe, and the color of the compartment is set by the external controller to set the identification lamp of the compartment. Then, the rotating rod is rotated by turning the adjustment knob, and then the main bevel gear and the auxiliary cone The meshing transmission of the gear rotates the rotating surface of the base, so that the rotary separation bucket is switched.

When the magnetic contact bridge plate of the controllable warehouse door is separated from the communication tube after the rotation, the two lose the magnetic attraction of the first magnetic plate and the second magnetic plate, and the movable warehouse door loses the force of the magnetic contact bridge plate. It falls by the action of the shaft, and rotates the door gear through the rotation of the shaft, and then rotates the transmission tooth bar through the transmission of the door gear, the tooth plate, and the transmission tooth bar, so that the magnetic contact bridge plate slides back along the slot and moves. After the warehouse door falls, the gap between the magnetic contact bridge plate and the magnetic contact bridge plate is reduced by the gravity of the auxiliary door; when it is switched to another compartment, it is subjected to the magnetic attraction of the first magnetic plate and the second magnetic plate during the switching to make the magnetic contact bridge plate. Extend and connect with the connecting pipe, the principle of opening the movable warehouse door is opposite to the closing;

The soil in the rotating separation bucket is set according to the temperature and humidity of the external controller. The temperature and humidity are dynamically controlled through the storage adjustment cover. The temperature and humidity sensor is used to monitor the temperature and humidity of the environment in the rotating separation bucket in real time, and the temperature and humidity are adjusted by the heating plate and exhaust fan. .

The beneficial effects of the present invention are:

(1) The collecting module of the device of the present invention uses the soil discharging unit provided in the middle and the surrounding surrounding mining unit to effectively drain the soil to reach the specified depth, and effectively prevent the shallow soil from collecting when drilling. The effect of deep soil.

(2) The collection module of the device of the present invention uses the structural design of the earth-moving silo so that the main body of the collection module is driven by the first drive motor to perform different operations of soil mining and drilling down to improve the integration of the device. Enhance the collection effect.

(3) The device of the present invention can perform multi-point storage of soil at different points through a rotating partition bucket built in the storage component, so that the device's acquisition and storage functions are more suitable for practical use.

(4) The device of the present invention adopts the design of a support stand, and uses a carrier and a hemispherical load block to perform multi-angle universal adjustment, so that the base can be used at different angles in different terrains, enhancing the device for different terrains. Adaptability of collection work.

(4) The device of the present invention further enhances the collection and storage effects of the device, improves the working efficiency of the device, and the use effect of the device's collection and storage through the design of auxiliary rows of augers, controllable warehouse doors, and storage adjustment covers.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS

FIG. 1 is a schematic diagram of the overall appearance of the device of the present invention.

Fig. 2 is a schematic diagram of the overall structure of the device of the present invention.

Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram showing the internal structure of the device of the present invention.

FIG. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of a soil discharge base of the present invention.

FIG. 5 is a schematic plan view of the soil discharging base of the present invention.

FIG. 6 is a schematic view of the bottom structure of the earthmoving base of the present invention.

FIG. 7 is a schematic structural diagram of a storage assembly according to the present invention.

FIG. 8 is a partially enlarged view of a in FIG. 7 of the present invention.

FIG. 9 is a schematic structural diagram of a controllable warehouse door according to the present invention.

FIG. 10 is a schematic plan view of a storage assembly according to the present invention.

FIG. 11 is a schematic structural diagram of a base of the present invention.

FIG. 12 is a schematic diagram of the working of a soil mining sleeve according to the present invention.

FIG. 13 is a working schematic diagram (open) of a soil mining sleeve of the present invention.

FIG. 14 is an enlarged view of part b in FIG. 13 of the present invention.

FIG. 15 is a schematic structural diagram of a spring lever according to the present invention.

FIG. 16 is a schematic plan view of a communication pipe according to the present invention.

Among them, 1-collection component, 11-earthing base, 111-scraper, 112-earth inlet, 113-auxiliary row auger, 12-earth bucket, 13-earth auger, 14-earth sleeve, 141-mining hole, 15-mining auger, 151-rotating drum, 152-auger blade, 2-storage unit, 21-rotating separation bucket, 211-feeding port, 22-storage adjusting cover, 221-temperature Humidity sensor, 222-heating plate, 223-exhaust fan, 224-marker light, 3-base, 31-first drive motor, 32-second drive motor, 33-third drive motor, 34-adjustment button, 35-connecting tube, 351-second magnetic piece, 4-earth moving bin, 41-bin body, 42-y knife body, 421-inner knife, 422-inclined plate, 43-spring bar, 431-transfer Block, 432-movable lever, 433-movable seat, 434-spring, 5-base, 51-rotating lever, 52-main bevel gear, 53-sub bevel gear, 6-controllable warehouse door, 61-magnetic contact bridge , 611-first magnetic disc, 62-movable door, 621-movable slot, 63-drive rack, 64-door gear, 65-tooth plate, 66-auxiliary door, 7-drive assembly, 71-drive gear , 72- driven gear, 73- first sprocket, 74- hinge, 75- second sprocket, 8- support foot, 81- support rod, 82-pin, 83- carrier , 84-load block, 85-load hole, 86-slide block, 87-stop plate, 88-stop button.

detailed description

An integrated device for deep soil sample collection and storage, as shown in FIG. 1, mainly includes a collection component 1 for soil collection, a storage component 2 for collecting soil conservation, and a base 3 for fixed support of the component;

As shown in FIG. 3, the collection module 1 mainly includes an internal and external soil-discharging section and a soil-extracting section; the soil-discharging section includes a soil-discharging chassis 11, a soil-extracting cylinder 12, the inside of the soil-discharging chassis 11 is hollow, and the bottom of the soil-discharging chassis 11 is cone A plurality of scraper blades 111 are formed in a circumferential direction, and each scraper blade 111 has a soil inlet 112 on one side thereof to communicate with the inside thereof. A soil discharge tube 12 is disposed at the center of the upper top surface of the soil discharge chassis 11 and communicates with the soil discharge tube 12. An excavating auger 13 is built in, and the bottom of the excavating auger 13 is rotatably connected to the excavating chassis 11. The excavation part includes a excavating sleeve 14, and the lower end of the excavating sleeve 14 is fixedly connected to the excavating chassis 11. The excavating sleeve 14 has a built-in earth mining auger 15, and the earth mining auger 15 includes a rotating drum 151 and an auger blade 152 surrounding the wall of the rotating drum 151. The rotating drum 151 is sleeved on and connected to the drainage drum 12 as shown in the figure. As shown in 12, 13, and 14, a plurality of soil extraction ports 141 are provided on the circumferential wall of the soil extraction sleeve 14 in the circumferential direction, and each soil extraction port 141 is provided with a soil extraction mobile silo 4, which includes a silo body. 41. Y-shaped blade body 42. The silo body 41 and the side of the soil extraction port 141 are connected by a rotating shaft. The y-shaped blade body 42 includes an inner blade 421 for scraping soil, The collection module 1 rotates forward and backward to control the sloping plate 422 of the switch 41 of the tank body. The inner knife 421 and the swash plate 422 are arranged at an angle and connected to the front end of the outer wall of the tank body 41. As shown in FIG. There is a spring lever 43 which is assisted by the auxiliary bin body turning out and protected. The spring lever 43 includes an adapter block 431, a movable lever 432, and a movable seat 433. One end of the movable lever 432 is connected to the movable seat 433 through a spring 434, and the other end is connected to the rear of the bin body 41. The side walls are connected by an adapter block 431. The provision of the spring lever 43 can help to enhance the outward protruding effect of the bin body 41 and effectively protect the rotating shaft of the bin body 41 at the opening and closing position by the limitation of the stroke of the spring lever 43. The upper end of the earthmoving tube 12 penetrates the base 3 and extends to the top surface of the base 3. The upper end of the earthmoving tube 12 is connected to the first driving motor 31 and is rotatably connected to the earthmoving auger 13. The upper end of the earthmoving auger 13 is connected to the second The driving motor 32 is connected, the upper end of the earth mining sleeve 14 penetrates the bottom surface of the base 3 and extends into the base 3, and the upper end of the earth mining auger 15 is connected to the third driving motor 33; The soil discharge department and the surrounding surrounding mining department cooperate to effectively remove the soil to reach the specified depth, and effectively prevent the impact of shallow soil on the depth of the soil when drilling. The structural design enables the main body of the collection module 1 to be driven forward and reverse by the first drive motor 31 to realize different operations of soil mining and drilling, and improves the collection effect;

Among them, as shown in FIGS. 4, 5 and 6, a plurality of sets of inclined auxiliary augers 113 are provided in the inner circumferential direction of the dumping chassis 11. The bottom of the dumping auger 113 is connected to the transmission assembly 7 built in the dumping chassis 11. The transmission assembly 7 includes a driving gear 71 and a driven gear 72. The driven gear 72 is provided in multiple groups, which are respectively arranged below the auxiliary row of augers 113. The driven gear 72 is provided with a first sprocket 73 and outputs it through a hinge 74. The second sprocket 75 at the shaft end is connected, the driving gear 71 meshes with each driven gear 72 and the upper end surface is fixedly connected to the bottom of the earth auger 113. By setting the auxiliary row auger 113, the movement efficiency of the soil from the soil inlet 112 to the row auger 13 can be improved, the efficiency of the soil discharge can be improved, and the drilling efficiency can be enhanced.

As shown in FIGS. 7, 10, 11, and 16, the storage assembly 2 mainly includes a rotating partition bucket 21 and a storage adjustment cover 22; the rotating partition bucket 21 is detachably connected to the base 5 provided on the bottom surface of the base 3, and the base 5 has a built-in The adjusting component is connected to an adjusting button 34 provided on the outer wall of the base 3. The adjusting component includes a rotating rod 51, a main bevel gear 52, and a sub-bevel gear 53, the main bevel gear 52 is connected to the rotation surface of the base 5, and the sub-bevel gear 53 is provided at The main bevel gear 52 is on one side and meshes therewith, and the sub bevel gear 53 is connected to the adjusting button 34 through a rotation lever 51. The longitudinal sub-bevel gear 53 is converted into the horizontal rotation of the main bevel gear 52 through the meshing transmission of the bevel gear, and the rotation of the partition bucket 21 is controlled by the rotation of the adjustment button 34 to switch between the various compartments. The rotary partition bucket 21 and the upper end of the earth mining sleeve 14 are connected by a communication pipe 35. Each of the sub-chambers of the rotary partition bucket 21 and the communication pipe 35 is provided with a feeding port 211, and the feeding port 211 is provided with The controllable warehouse door 6 is provided with a storage adjustment cover 22 on the upper top surface of the rotating partition bucket 21. The storage adjustment cover 22 is provided with a temperature and humidity sensor 221 for monitoring the temperature and humidity in the rotating partition bucket 21, a heating plate 222 for adjusting the temperature in the rotating partition bucket 21, an exhaust fan 223 for exhaust humidity adjustment, and storage adjustment. An identification light 224 is provided on the upper surface of the cover 22 corresponding to each compartment position to distinguish each compartment. By providing a storage adjustment cover 22, the temperature and humidity of the storage environment can be dynamically adjusted by using the functions of the temperature and humidity sensor 221, the heating plate 222, the exhaust fan 223, and the controller, and by setting the identification lamp 224, different compartments for storing soil can be performed. Logo. The rotating separation bucket 21 built in the storage assembly 2 can perform multi-point soil storage operations at different depths, so that the device's collection and storage functions are more suitable for practical use;

Among them, as shown in FIGS. 8 and 9, the controllable warehouse door 6 includes a magnetic contact bridge plate 61 and a movable warehouse door 62; a first magnetic piece 611 is provided at the front end of the magnetic contact bridge plate 61, and the communication tube 35 and the first magnetic piece 611 A second magnetic sheet 351 is provided at the corresponding position. The magnetic contact bridge plate 61 is connected to the lower end of the feeding port 221 through a card slot. The lower bottom surface of the magnetic contact bridge plate 61 is provided with a tooth surface for meshing with the transmission tooth bar 63, and a movable bin. The door 62 is connected to the upper end of the feeding port 211 through a rotating shaft. On both sides of the rotating door of the movable bin door 62, a bin gear 64 corresponding to the position of the distal tooth surface of the transmission rack 63 is located, and the bin gear 64 and the transmission rack 63 The tooth plate 65 is connected with the tooth plate 65, and the tooth plate 65 is slidably connected with the rotating bucket 21 bucket 璧. The lower bottom surface of the movable bin door 62 is also provided with a movable slot 621, and the movable slot 621 is provided with a slidable auxiliary door 66. A bottom of the auxiliary door 66 and two sides of the movable bin door 62 are provided for improving the sealing performance of the movable bin door 62. Seal. The auxiliary door 66 that can move up and down can be arranged on the lower bottom surface of the movable bin door 62, which can further improve the contact tightness of the movable bin door 62 with the magnetic contact bridge plate 61 after falling, and cooperate with the setting of the sealing strip to improve the movable bin door 62. Sealing effect with rotating separation bucket 21. Through the structural design of the controllable bin door 6, the transmission effect of the gear tooth plate and the magnetic attraction are used to enable the controllable bin door 6 to meet the automatic connection opening and disengagement with the communication pipe 35 during rotation, so as to rotate the separation bucket 21. The non-used warehouse door is kept closed, and the warehouse door connected to the communication pipe 35 is opened, which effectively guarantees reasonable temperature and humidity control of the stored soil.

As shown in FIG. 2, the base 3 is provided with a supporting leg 8 for fixing. The supporting leg 8 includes a supporting rod 81, a prong 82, and a carrier 83. A rotatable hemispherical carrier 84 is provided in the carrier 83. The lower part of the carrier 83 is provided with a carrier hole 85 for the acquisition component 1 to pass through. The carrier block 84 is rollingly connected to the carrier 83. Each of the periphery of the carrier 83 is provided with a sliding block 86 and a support rod 81 for sliding connection. The carrier 83 A stop plate 87 for controlling the rolling of the load block 84 is provided on each of the inner walls. The stop plate 87 is connected to the stop button 88 on the outer wall of the stage 83 by a screw, and the lower end of the support rod 81 is connected to the pin 82. By carrying out the multi-angle universal adjustment through the carrier 83 and the hemispherical load block 84, the base 3 can be used at different angles in different terrains, thereby enhancing the adaptability of the device for the acquisition of different terrains.

The working method of the above device is:

The above device is placed at the location where the soil is scheduled to be collected via the support stand 8 and the loading block 84 is rotated according to the terrain to adjust the collection component 1 so that it is perpendicular to the surface of the collected soil. The second drive motor 32 presses the base 3 downward with the stage 83 to drill the acquisition assembly 1 into the soil. After drilling down to a specified depth, the first drive motor 31 is rotated forward and the lower stage 83 is stopped. During the period, through the combined action of the drainage chassis 11 and the drainage auger 13, the drilled soil is discharged to the outside along the drainage tube 12, after being reversed by the collection module 1, and after being opened and closed by each mining hopper 4 Carry out the mining operation, and at the same time turn on the third driving motor 33 when the first driving motor 31 is rotating forward, and send the collected soil along the mining sleeve 14 to the connecting pipe 35 through the action of the mining auger 15 and through the communication The pipe 35 falls to the storage assembly 2 for soil storage; when the device needs to be removed, the rotary separation bucket 21 is rotated to the neutral space with the communication pipe 35 through the adjustment button 34, and the first driving motor 31 is driven again for reverse extraction Out, and then through the cleaning solution, etc. Collecting a portion of the assembly for cleaning, to prepare the soil for other depths acquisition operation again;

Acquisition component 1:

Soil discharge unit: Under the reverse action of the first drive motor 31, the soil discharge chassis 11 rotates and drills down, and the soil is drilled through the scraper 111 provided on the lower bottom surface and the soil enters the soil inlet 112. The function of the earthmoving auger 13 is to rotate the upper soil. During the rotation, the driving assembly 7 is driven to rotate the driving gear 71 thereof, and then each driven gear 72 is rotated, which is performed by the hinge 74 of the first sprocket 73 and the second sprocket 75. Transmission, so that each auxiliary row auger 113 assists in conveying the soil at the soil inlet 112 to the earth discharge auger 13;

Soil mining unit: Due to the position of the soil mining hopper 4, the storage body 41 is pressed against the soil mining sleeve 14 during the reverse rotation by the soil wall. When receiving the forward rotation of the first drive motor 31, the soil is mined The sleeve 14 rotates forward to mine, and the forward rotation of the sleeve 14 causes the sloping plate 422 of the y-shaped blade body 42 to scrape and gather soil. Then, the sloping plate 422 drives the bin body 41 to rotate outward along the rotation axis. And scrape the soil into the collecting sleeve 14 through the inner knife 421, during which the spring 41 is used to assist in providing the external force of the bin body 41;

Storage component 2:

The collected soil is dropped into the corresponding rotating partition bucket 21 through the connecting pipe 35, and the identification lamp 224 of its compartment is set by an external controller to distinguish the color display, and then the rotating lever 51 is rotated by turning the adjustment button 34, and then the main shaft The meshing transmission effect of the bevel gear 52 and the auxiliary bevel gear 53 rotates the rotation surface of the base 5, so that the rotary separation bucket 21 is rotated and switched;

After turning, the magnetic contact bridge plate 61 of the controllable warehouse door 6 and the communication tube 35 are misaligned and separated, the two lose the magnetic attraction of the first magnetic plate 611 and the second magnetic plate 351, and the movable warehouse door 62 loses the magnetic contact bridge plate 61. The force of gravity falls by the action of the potential energy of gravity, and the bin gear 64 is rotated by the rotation of the rotating shaft, and then the transmission gear 63 is rotated by the transmission action of the bin gear 64, the tooth plate 65, and the transmission rack 63, so that The magnetic contact bridge plate 61 slides back along the slot. After the movable warehouse door 62 falls, the gap between the magnetic contact bridge plate 61 and the magnetic contact bridge plate 61 is reduced by the gravity of the auxiliary door 66. After switching to another compartment, it is subject to the first The magnetic attraction of one magnetic sheet 611 and the second magnetic sheet 351 causes the magnetic contact bridge plate 61 to extend and connect with the communication tube 35. The principle of opening the movable warehouse door 62 is the opposite of the above-mentioned closing;

The internal soil of the rotating separation bucket 21 is set according to the temperature and humidity of the external controller. The temperature and humidity are dynamically controlled by the storage adjustment cover 22. The temperature and humidity sensor 221 is used to monitor the temperature and humidity of the environment in the rotating separation bucket 21 in real time. Fan 223 adjusts its temperature and humidity;

The controller is a commercially available plc controller. The controller is connected to the first drive motor 31, the second drive motor 32, the third drive motor 33, the heating plate 222, and the exhaust fan 223 through various relays. The identification light 224 is specific. As a small display, a commercially available brand display can be used according to actual needs. The temperature and humidity sensor 221 and the identification lamp 224 are connected to the controller. The first drive motor 31, the second drive motor 32, the third drive motor 33, and the heating device. The plate 222, the exhaust fan 223, and the temperature and humidity sensor 221 are all selected from commercially available brand products or adaptively adjusted in appearance according to the existing products to meet the requirements of the device shape setting.

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